Category: vegan recipe

vegan “beef” pastilla (Moroccan sweet and savo…

vegan “beef” pastilla (Moroccan sweet and savoury pie with almonds)

recipe under the cut!

INGREDIENTS:

for the warqa dough:

  • 1 ¾ cup bread flour
  • ¼ cup semolina flour / durum flour (or substitute all-purpose flour)
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 tsp lemon juice
  • 1 tbsp extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 ¾ cup water

for the savoury filling:

  • 2 bags of gardein beefless tips
  • 1 white onion, chopped
  • about ¼ cup olive oil
  • 2 ½ tsp black pepper
  • 2 tsp cumin
  • 1 cinnamon stick, or 2 tsp ground cinnamon
  • 2 tsp ginger
  • 1 tsp paprika
  • 3 Follow Your Heart VeganEggs (optional)

for the almond filling:

  • 1 ½ cup almonds
  • 1 tbsp cinnamon
  • ¼ cup plus 1 tbsp granulated sugar
  • 1 tbsp orange blossom water

to form the pastilla:

  • ¼ cup vegan margarine, melted

for the topping:

  • additional almonds
  • powdered sugar
  • ground cinnamon

INSTRUCTIONS:

for the warqa:

1. add flours and salt to a food processor and pulse a few times to sift.

2. add the wet ingredients and process on low for 1-2 minutes, until you get a smooth batter.

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3. refrigerate the batter for at least two hours, or overnight.

4. bring a few inches of water to a fast boil in a large pot, and place a large, nonstick pan over the pot, tying it with kitchen string if necessary–this will help to evenly distribute heat and prevent the warqa from drying out. allow the pan to heat for a few minutes.

5. using a pastry brush, brush a thin layer of batter onto the pan in large, circular strokes, filling the entire pan. carefully apply a second layer to any bare spots (but don’t worry about small holes or feathery edges).

6. cook until the warqa becomes opaque and the edges start to curl, about 2 minutes. loosen the edges of the dough with a spatula and peel the dough off of the pan using your hands.

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7. flip the dough over onto a plate covered with a paper towel, and lay another paper towel on top of it. repeat, stacking the sheets of dough on top of each other, until you’ve used all of the batter.

for the savoury filling:

1. defrost the frozen beefless tips by placing the bags in a larger bowl filled with hot water.

2. mix the oil and spices in a large bowl and coat the beefless tips with the mixture. refrigerate for 1-2 hours to marinate.

3. cut beefless tips in half or thirds, as desired.

4. heat a few tablespoons of olive oil in a large pan over medium heat until water splashed in the pan sizzles. add chopped onion and cook for about 30 seconds to flavour the oil.

5. add beefless tips and marinade and cook for 4-6 minutes, stirring often, until almost done (don’t overcook them or they’ll become tough!). set aside.

6. prepare and scramble three VeganEggs according to package directions (optional).

for the almond filling:

1. blanch the almonds by boiling them in water for about a minute, emptying them into a colander and rinsing with cool water, and gently pinching the skins to remove them.

2. fill a large pan with 1-2 cm of vegetable oil and heat until sizzling. fry the almonds for about 10 minutes, stirring often, until golden brown. set aside some almonds for a topping, if desired.

3. pulse almonds, sugar, cinnamon, and orange blossom water a few times in a food processor until you get coarse crumbs.

forming the pastilla:

1. place one sheet of warqa in the bottom of a pie pan and brush with melted margarine. place 4-5 more sheets around the pan so that they cover all of the sides and hang over the edge, brushing each one with more melted margarine. add 2 more sheets of warqa in the middle, brushing each with margarine.

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2. place the savoury filling in the pie, making sure that it’s even and spread all the way to the edges.

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3. (optional): add another sheet or two of warqa on top of the savoury filling and brush with margarine.

4. spread the almond filling over the warqa, making sure that it’s even and spread all the way to the edges.

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5. add another 2-3 sheets of warqa, brushing each with margarine, and fold the excess inwards.

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6. fold the excess warqa around the sides of the pan inwards, brushing each sheet with more melted margarine.

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7. cover the pastilla with 1-2 more sheets of warqa, tucking the excess into the sides of the pie pan. brush the entire thing with more margarine to seal.

8. bake on the center rack of an oven at 400F for about 40 minutes, until warqa is golden brown and crisp. allow to cool slightly before removing from pan.

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to decorate:

1. cover the surface of the finished pastilla with powdered sugar, ground cinnamon, and fried almonds as desired. try doing an image search for “Moroccan pastilla” or “pastilla marocaine” for decoration ideas.

cut carefully and serve! pastilla is often eaten with harissa, a North African hot sauce made with red peppers.

Moroccan cauliflower tajine with carrots, pota…

Moroccan cauliflower tajine with carrots, potato, and olives

recipe under the cut!

ingredients:

  • 1 white onion, chopped
  • 3 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 small head of cauliflower
  • 3 tomatoes
  • 3 potatoes (to replace the meat that’s more common in a cauliflower tajine)
  • 2-3 large carrots
  • ½ cup bitter olives
  • pinch of saffron
  • 1 bouquet of parsley
  • 1 bouquet of cilantro
  • 1 tbsp salt, or to taste
  • 2 tsp ras el hanout (optional)
  • 2 tsp black pepper
  • 2 tsp ground ginger
  • 1 tsp paprika
  • 1 stick of cinnamon, or 1 tsp ground cinnamon
  • ½ tsp cardamom
  • ½ tsp mace (or substitute nutmeg)
  • ¼ cup olive oil
  • 1 cup water

instructions:

1. prepare the vegetables: quarter or slice the tomatoes; peel and cut the potatoes into (very) large cubes; peel carrots and cut in half lengthwise (from the greens end to the tip) and crosswise; break the cauliflower into large florets.

2. place chopped onion, garlic, and saffron in the bottom of a large clay cooking tajine (you can also use a Dutch oven, a slow cooker, or a thick pot with a diffuser).

3. arrange the vegetables that take the longest to cook on the bottom of the tajine and the ones that cook the fastest towards the top. in this case, the potatoes are added first, then the carrots, then the cauliflower, then the olives. I prefer to quarter the tomatoes and put them in the centre underneath the other vegetables, but you can also slice them and lay them on top.

4. add parsley and cilantro over top of the vegetables, then sprinkle the spices evenly over the tajine. drizzle ¼ cup of olive oil and 1 cup of water over the spices and vegetables.

5. cover and cook on low for 2 to 3 hours, occasionally pouring liquid from the bottom of the tajine back over the top of the vegetables, until vegetables are tender and cooked all the way through.

hssoua belboula (Moroccan barley and milk soup…

hssoua belboula (Moroccan barley and milk soup, optionally vegan)

recipe under the cut!

ingredients:

  • 1 cup (200g) barley grits, or pearl barley ground into a coarse meal in a spice / coffee grinder
  • 5 ¾ cups (135cl) water
  • 3 tbsp olive oil
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 tsp ground cumin
  • ½ tsp ground black pepper
  • 2 cups (50cl) whole milk (or soy milk plus 2 tbsp vegan margarine–to mimic the higher fat content of whole milk)
  • 2 tbsp butter or vegan margarine
  • 2/3 cup (16cl) evaporated milk (or 1 1/3 cup soy milk simmered over a low flame until it is halved in volume–don’t allow it to reach a rolling boil). [this should not be confused with sweetened condensed milk! you can also make evaporated milk by simmering dairy milk until its volume is about halved.]

instructions:

1. pick through the barley grits to remove debris. wash several times in a large bowl until the water comes away clear.

2. combine barley, water, olive oil, salt, cumin, and black pepper in a medium-sized pot. bring to a boil over medium heat, then reduce to a simmer and cook for 30-35 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the barley grits are tender (this time may differ depending on how fine or coarse your grits are).

3. stir in the whole milk (or soy milk and margarine) and continue to simmer for 3-5 minutes.

4. remove from heat and stir in the butter (or margarine) and evaporated milk. taste and adjust spices.

* you can adjust the thickness of this soup by increasing or decreasing the amount of milk and water added, or by using finer or coarser barley grits. you can also make this soup without evaporated milk–just replace half the water with milk.

hssoua is made with barley or semolina and is a common breakfast food during Ramadan. it is eaten with additional cumin and/or olive oil, or sweetened with sugar or honey.

date & walnut basil pesto with angel hair …

date & walnut basil pesto with angel hair pasta (optionally vegan)

recipe under the cut!

ingredients:

  • 2 ½ cup fresh basil
  • ½ cup walnuts, roughly chopped
  • ½ cup olive oil
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 2 tsp nutmeg
  • 1 tsp coriander
  • ½ tsp salt

  • ¼ tsp black pepper
  • 1 tbsp lemon juice
  • 1 8oz. bag of angel hair nests
  • (vegan) parmesan cheese to top

instructions:

1. pulse basil, walnuts, and garlic in a food processor until well incorporated.

2. add olive oil gradually while the food processor runs on low.

3. stir in nutmeg, coriander, salt, black pepper, and lemon juice. taste and adjust.

4. prepare angel hair nests according to package directions. remove them from the water with a slotted spoon and place directly into serving dishes to prevent them from coming apart.

5. top with pesto, parmesan cheese, chopped dates and additional basil as desired.

coconut fried rice with tofu and eggplantrecip…

coconut fried rice with tofu and eggplant

recipe under the cut!

ingredients:

  • 3 cups (dry) jasmine or basmati rice
  • 1 package extra firm tofu
  • 6 cups eggplant (two medium or one large), cut into large cubes
  • 2 tbsp curry powder
  • 1 tbsp salt
  • 3 tbsp coconut oil
  • 6 tbsp coconut cream solids (from a can of coconut milk or coconut cream left to separate overnight in the fridge)
  • about an inch fresh ginger, peeled and minced
  • 3 tbsp soy sauce
  • 2 tbsp brown sugar
  • 2 tsp rice vinegar
  • 2 tsp lime juice
  • 2 tsp salt
  • 2 tsp white pepper
  • green onions to garnish

instructions:

1. prepare rice according to package directions, making sure to rinse it several times with cool water to remove excess starch. for best results, soak the rice in cool water for about half an hour after rinsing and before cooking. after cooking, set the rice aside in the refrigerator.

2.

slice open the package of tofu on one side and drain out as much water as you can. press the tofu: place a dish towel or folded paper towels on a hard surface, then place the block of tofu on top of those, then add another layer of towels, and then weight it all down with something (about the weight of a can of soup). leave for about 30 minutes to remove moisture.

3. cut the tofu into even cubes of your preferred size. lay the cubes on a plate in a single layer and freeze for a few hours, until they darken and harden. toss the frozen tofu into boiling water and boil for at least 15-20 minutes, agitating occasionally.

4. meanwhlie, spread the cubed eggplant in a single layer over the bottom of a large dish, or a cutting board, laid with paper towels. coat evenly with 2 tbsp curry powder and 1 tbsp salt. cover with more paper towels and weight evenly (with a few cans of soup on top of a smaller cutting board, for example) to remove water. leave for about an hour.

5. remove cubes of tofu from boil and drain. pat them dry with a towel to get as much moisture out as possible. sprinkle 2 tbsp of cornstarch over them and coat evenly. heat coconut oil in a large pan on medium-high heat and then add tofu. turn the cubes to a new side to cook every couple of minutes, until all sides are golden brown (this is tedious but I find that chopsticks help). set aside.

6. heat coconut oil over medium-high heat in a large pan, or a wok (if you have a gas stove and a wok ring) until it’s spluttering. add ginger and cook for about thirty seconds, stirring constantly, until fragrant.

7. add eggplant and cook, stirring occasionally, until tender and golden brown. set aside, keeping the oil.

8. add the solids from a separated can of coconut milk or cream (this should work out to around 6 tbsp) and raise heat to high. bring to a boil.

9. add rice, soy sauce, brown sugar, rice vinegar, lime juice, salt, white pepper, and more curry powder as desired. fry, adding more coconut oil as necessary, for 2-3 minutes.

10. add eggplant and tofu and continue to fry for another minute or two.

11. top with green onions as desired.

vegan carrot cake

vegan carrot cake

recipe under the cut!

makes one two-layered 9″ cake, or one 9″ x 13″ loaf

INGREDIENTS:

for the cake:

  • 3 ¼ cups (390g) all-purpose flour
  • 2 cups (200g) shredded carrot
  • 2 cups (440g) light brown sugar
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 2 ¼ tsp baking soda
  • 1 tbsp ground cinnamon
  • 1 tsp ground ginger
  • ½ tsp ground nutmeg
  • about 1 cup total chopped and toasted walnuts and/or pecans (optional)
  • 2/3 cup (160mL) vegetable oil
  • 2 cups (470mL) water
  • 2 tbsp apple cider vinegar
  • 1 tbsp plus 1 tsp vanilla extract

for the cream cheese frosting (makes a generous amount):

  • 12oz vegan cream cheese (1 and a half standard tubs)
  • ½ cup (1 stick) vegan margarine, softened
  • ½ cup (115g) vegan sour cream
  • 1 tbsp maple syrup
  • 2 tsp vanilla
  • 3-4 cups (375-500g) vegan powdered sugar
  • pinch of nutmeg
  • toasted walnuts and pecans for garnish

INSTRUCTIONS:

for the cake:

1. combine flour, brown sugar, salt, baking soda, and spices in a large bowl (if measuring flour by volume, gently spoon it into a measuring cup until it’s heaping and then level it off. brown sugar should be packed tightly into the measuring cup).

2. grate, or shred using a food processor, peeled carrots or baby carrots and mix into the other dry ingredients. toast chopped walnuts and pecans on a dry skillet over medium heat for a few minutes until a shade darker and add half to most of them to the batter, if desired.

3. mix the wet ingredients–oil, water, vinegar, and vanilla–into a small bowl. add into wet ingredients and stir until well combined.

4. grease two 9″ cake pans, or one 9″ x 13″ loaf pan, then line the bottoms and sides with parchment paper (you made need to use two separate pieces–one for the bottoms and one for the sides). divide the batter evenly between the pans and bake at 350 F (175 C) for 35 – 45 minutes, until a toothpick inserted in the center of the cake comes out dry.

for the frosting:

1. combine cream cheese, margarine, and sour cream in a large bowl and beat with an electric mixer until creamy. stir in maple syrup and vanilla.

2. add sugar one cup at a time, continuing to beat, until the desired consistency is achieved (it should be thick enough to coat the sides of the cake). add nutmeg if desired.

to assemble:

1. allow cake to cool for ten minutes before removing from cake pans (the parchment paper should make this easy–if you didn’t use any and your cakes are stuck, just flip the pans upside down and wait) and allow to cool completely before frosting. top with the remaining toasted nuts.

vegan onion and “egg” tart with fig jamrecipe …

vegan onion and “egg” tart with fig jam

recipe under the cut!

makes one 9″ tart

INGREDIENTS

for the crust:

  • 1 ¼ cup all-purpose flour
  • ½ tsp salt
  • 6 tbsp vegan margarine
  • 5 tbsp ice-cold water

for the filling:

  • 3 tbsp vegan margarine
  • 5-6 onions
  • 2 tsp dried thyme, or 2 tbsp fresh thyme
  • ¾ tsp salt
  • ¾ tsp black pepper
  • ½ tsp nutmeg
  • 6 cloves chopped garlic, or to taste
  • 1 cup vegan mozzarella cheese, shredded (optional)
  • 2 VeganEggs, prepared according to instructions on package
  • ¼ cup non-dairy milk

INSTRUCTIONS

for the crust:

1. sift flour and salt into a large mixing bowl.

2. cut margarine into the flour with a knife or a pastry blender until the chunks are about the size of peas.

3. add water 1 tablespoon at a time and knead until dough just comes together, being careful not to overwork it. wrap dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate while you prepare the filling.

for the filling:

1. cut onions in half lengthwise and lay them cut-side down. make four to five cuts through the onion lengthwise, angled towards the center of the onion, such that you get visible rings. crush, peel and chop garlic.

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2. heat butter over medium-high heat in a large pan. cook onions, salt, pepper, nutmeg, and thyme for about 10 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the onions are softened and translucent. reduce the heat to medium-low, add garlic, and cook for about another 20 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the onions have caramelized and attained a deep golden brown color.

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3. remove from heat. beat two VeganEggs (aka, just the powder mixed with water) with ¼ cup non-dairy milk and stir into the warm filling.

to assemble:

1. roll out dough between two lightly floured sheets of plastic wrap or wax paper.  form a rough circle by placing your rolling pin in the center of the dough and pushing outward, repeating the motion as you move around. the dough should be roughly 1/4″ thick.

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2. remove the top layer of plastic wrap and flip the dough over into a 9″ tart tray or pie tin. press the dough into the edges of the tin with a fork, making sure that it’s pressed all the way down into the corners. don’t work the dough with your hands too much or you risk melting the butter. prick holes into the bottom of the dough with a fork

optionally, refrigerate the crust for another half hour or so before baking (this should make the finished product more flaky).

3. cover the center of the dough with aluminum foil or parchment paper and fill with pie weights, or something like dried beans, so that the dough doesn’t puff up during baking.

4. parbake the crust at 400 F for 12 minutes. remove the pie weights and cook for another 5 minutes, until the edges are lightly golden brown.

5. pour the filling into the pie and bake for another 25-30 minutes until the edges of the crust are golden brown.

6. cover the edges of the crust with aluminum foil and continue to bake until the filling of the tart is no longer liquid.

7. top with shredded mozzarella and sliced fresh figs, or serve with fig jam.

vegan “beef” seffa madfounarecipe under the cu…

vegan “beef” seffa madfouna

recipe under the cut!

seffa madfouna is a Moroccan main dish that consists of a meat such as chicken, lamb, or beef buried (“madfouna”) in a dome of couscous or vermicelli that’s been sweetened with powdered sugar, golden raisins, and butter. without the meat, the dish is called “seffa” and is served as a dessert.

INGREDIENTS

for the seffa:

  • 1lb (450g) broken vermicelli (you can find this in a Middle Eastern or comparable store)
  • 1 tsp olive oil
  • 8 cups (1 litre) water
  • 1 fresh lemon, halved, or 3 tbsp lemon juice
  • ½ tsp orange blossom water
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • ¾ cup golden raisins, soaked in warm water
  • 2 tbsp vegan margarine
  • ¼ cup powdered sugar, or to taste

for the meat:

  • 2 packs Gardein beefless tips
  • 2 tsp ras el hanout
  • 2 tsp ground ginger
  • ½ tsp ground black pepper or whole black peppercorns, toasted and ground
  • ½ tsp ground white pepper

    or whole white peppercorns, toasted and ground

  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 large pinch saffron, toasted
  • 2 tsp ground cinnamon, or 2 cinnamon sticks
  • 2 large yellow onions, chopped
  • 1/3 cup olive oil

to top:

  • 1 cup almonds
  • 2 tbsp powdered sugar
  • 2 tsp orange blossom water
  • about ½ cup dried dates (optional)
  • additional powdered sugar and ground cinnamon

INSTRUCTIONS:

steaming the seffa:

the vermicelli will need to be steamed three or four times.

1. place vermicelli in a large bowl and, using your hands, coat evenly with oil.

2. boil about 8 cups of water, lemon, orange blossom water, and cinnamon in the bottom of a couscoussier, or in a large pot.

3. reduce heat to medium-low and add vermicelli in the top of your couscoussier, or in a strainer or colander that fits inside the pot without touching the water. steam for about 20 minutes, until you see the edges of the broken vermicelli begin to point upwards.

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[before and after steaming]

4. return the vermicelli to the bowl and add about 1 cup (250ml) warm, salted water, using your hands or a fork to ensure that the water is evenly distributed. allow the vermicelli to absorb the water for about 10 minutes.

5. return the vermicelli to the couscoussier and steam for another 20 minutes, until the edges begin to point upwards. this is the second steaming.

6. return the vermicelli to the bowl and add 1/3 to ½

(80 – 120ml) cup of water, depending on how dry the pasta feels. it should be almost tender enough to eat.

7. add in the golden raisins. return the vermicelli to the couscoussier and steam for another 20 minutes 

(you may need to add more water). this is the third steaming.

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8. repeat this process again if the vermicelli is still not tender enough to eat. it won’t have the same texture as cooked noodles but it shouldn’t be hard in the center.

9. add margarine and sisugar, making sure they’re evenly incorporated.

preparing the meat:

1. defrost the beefless tips in a bowl filled with warm water until no longer frozen.

2. mix the oil with the ras el hanout, ground ginger, black pepper, white pepper, salt, cinnamon (if using ground) and saffron. toss beefless tips in spiced oil, leaving aside about 3 tbsp for cooking the onions. set beef in the fridge to marinate.

3. heat the remainder of the spiced oil over medium heat and add onions, beefless tips, and cinnamon (if using a stick). cook for about 10 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the onions are translucent and the tips are fully cooked. set aside.

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preparing the toppings:

1. blanch the almonds by leaving them in boiling water for about a minute, rinsing them in cool water, and gently removing their skins. dry thoroughly.

2. heat enough oil to cover the almonds in a pan over medium-low heat. an almond dropped into the oil should cause a bubble to form–if the oil sputters, it’s too hot. fry almonds, stirring constantly, until golden brown. allow to cool.

3. grind ½ cup of fried almonds in a food processor with 2 tbsp sugar and 2 tsp orange blossom water until coarse crumbs form. set aside.

assembling the dish:

1. spread a layer of vermicelli on the bottom of a large serving dish. top with a mound of beefless tips in a rough dome shape.

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2. pile the rest of the vermicelli on top of the beefless tips until they are fully covered, completing the dome.

3. top with fried almonds, almond mixture, ground cinnamon, powdered sugar, and dates as desired.

vegan & gluten-free cinnamon / almond / or…

vegan & gluten-free cinnamon / almond / orange Moroccan ghriba

recipe under the cut!

ingredients:

  • 2 cups almond meal (220g)
  • ¾ cup powdered sugar (90g)
  • zest of 1 orange
  • pinch of salt
  • ½ tbsp melted non-dairy margarine
  • 2 tsp orange blossom water
  • 1 tsp almond extract
  • additional powdered sugar, to top
  • about 2 tsp ground cinnamon, to top
  • whole almonds, to top

instructions:

1. mix almond meal, powdered sugar, orange zest, and salt in a large bowl. add wet ingredients and knead until combined (it may take a few minutes for all of the almond meal to be incorporated). wrap and refrigerate for about an hour.

2. line a baking sheet with parchment paper. shape dough into small balls about an inch in diameter and flatten slightly. roll each cookie in powdered sugar, then top with a pinch of ground cinnamon and an almond.

3. bake for 10-15 minutes at 350 F (175 C), until firm to the touch.

Chinese sesame-ginger “beef” &am…

Chinese sesame-ginger “beef” & broccoli

recipe under the cut!

INGREDIENTS:

for the beef & broccoli:

  • 1 bag of Gardein beefless tips
  • 1 cup broccoli florets
  • ½ yellow onion, sliced
  • 4 cloves of garlic, peeled and crushed
  • a 2″ chunk of fresh ginger, peeled and sliced thinly lengthwise
  • 2 tbsp neutral frying oil (sesame, vegetable, canola)
  • 1 tbsp sesame seeds (optional)

for the marinade:

  • 1 tbsp soy sauce
  • 1 tbsp toasted sesame oil
  • 1 tbsp brown sugar
  • 1 tsp rice vinegar
  • 2 tsp cornstarch

for the cornstarch slurry:

  • 3 tbsp + 1 tsp soy sauce
  • 2 tbsp toasted sesame oil
  • 3 tbsp water
  • 3 tbsp brown sugar
  • 1 tbsp rice vinegar
  • 2 tsp black pepper
  • 1 tbsp cornstarch
  • 1-2 tsp chili garlic sauce (optional)

INSTRUCTIONS:

1. thaw beefless tips by placing the bag in a large bowl full of warm water.

2. mix ingredients for the marinade in a large bowl. add beefless tips to the bowl, stirring to coat, and refrigerate. mix ingredients for the cornstarch slurry in a bowl and refrigerate. (all ingredients should be kept at room temperature or colder: heat will cause the cornstarch to clump.)

3. boil ¼ cup of water in a large pan, or a wok on a wok ring if you have a gas stove. blanch broccoli for about three minutes, stirring occasionally. set aside.

4. heat oil over high heat in your pan or wok until oil is smoking. add ginger and garlic and fry for about 30 seconds, until aromatic. remove garlic and ginger from the oil.

5. lower heat to medium and fry onions for a few minutes until slightly softened. add beefless tips and marinade and fry until almost done, stirring occasionally.

6. add cornstarch slurry and sesame seeds. lower heat to medium-low and simmer until the sauce is slightly thickened. add broccoli and fry for another minute until softened.